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Blackjack is by far the most popular table game played at casinos around the world.
Being able to trace its origins back to the 1600s, blackjack is also one of the longest-standing card games that has been played at casinos since it was invented.
There are a number of different variations which have each originated from different parts of the world.
Blackjack is a particularly unique game because it puts every player at a single table against one dealer, as opposed to other table games which require players to face off against each other.
We have composed a number of extensive articles and resources dedicated specifically to the game of blackjack.
Each of our articles are blackjack numbers variation by industry experts, game strategists and gambling enthusiasts.
You can take a look at the following links to learn more about different blackjack variations, basic strategy, to find tips and more.
Single-Deck Blackjack � This game is played with only one 52 card deck.
If you are able to understand and play classic blackjack, chances are you will be able to master any of its variants.
This version of blackjack carries a house edge of.
Like some other blackjack variants, European Blackjack only allows you to double with a 9 or 11.
Free Bet Blackjack � The most popular new variation in.
This game allows players to double down on 9-11 for free.
All splits may also be made for free, except on face cards.
Resplits and double down after splitting are also on the house.
In exchange for all of these great player friendly rules, the house pushes all hands that did not bust or get dealt a blackjack when a 22 is made by the dealer.
Change It 21 � Available at Fremont in downtown Las Vegas.
This game allows players to pay 50% of the original bet in exchange for the ability to discard one of the first two dealt cards.
Players may double down or split after receiving the new card.
Double down after splitting is not permitted.
Spanish 21 � Another commonly found variant of blackjack is known as Spanish 21.
A Spanish deck is the same as a normal 52 card deck minus the four numerical 10 cards.
The dealer is allowed to hit on a 17, but is not forced to do so like blackjack numbers variation European and classic blackjack.
The house edge of Spanish 21 ranges between.
Vegas Strip Blackjack � This variant is played with 4 standard decks of 52 cards.
In this game the dealer is forced to stand on a soft 17 and is able to peek at his or her face-down card to see click the following article they hit blackjack.
The house edge on Vegas Strip or 4 deck blackjack is about.
Atlantic City Blackjack � This form is similar to Vegas Strip, but it is played with 8 decks of 52 cards and has a marginally higher house edge of about.
Another difference between Atlantic City and Vegas Strip blackjack is that you are given the late surrender option, which allows you to quit the hand and recoup 50% of your original bet.
Blackjack Switch � This is an interesting variation here the game because each player is dealt two hands and are able to interchange cards between the two dealt hands.
The game is played with 6-8 decks of 52 cards and allows players to place two separate bets of equal size.
You are able to double on any two cards and the dealer is forced to hit on soft 17.
Double Exposure Blackjack � This variation has one of the highest house edges at.
Double Exposure is played with 8 decks of 52 cards.
Players are only able to double on 9 and 11; even if they have already split.
War Blackjack � More of a side bet than a game.
Unlike most blackjack side bets, a winning War Blackjack wager may be parlayed into the original bet.
The War bet is similar to the standard home card game.
The dealer gives the player one card, as well as himself.
The highest card wins.
In the blackjack version, an ace is low and the house wins all ties.
The player has the option to take any winning bet out of action or use it to parlay the original bet.
The two bets must be equal.
Once the War bet is graded, the other card is dealt to the player and dealer.
The game is owned by the parent company of and.
The game offers several player friendly rules.
These include the ability to hit and resplit aces.
Players may also double down on any number of cards.
A player that makes a hand of 6 cards without busting automatically wins.
In exchange for these rules, blackjack only pays even money, except on suited blackjacks, which pays 2-1.
Basic Blackjack Rules When playing blackjack, the player begins by placing a wager and is subsequently dealt two cards.
The sum of those two cards will range anywhere from 4-21.
If the initial blackjack numbers variation cards you are dealt consist of an ace and any face card including a numerical 10you will automatically be paid because you just hit blackjack.
If the cards you are dealt do not constitute blackjack, then you will be forced to choose between hitting and standing.
If you hit, you will receive another card in addition to your first two dealt cards.
If you hit and the sum of your cards exceeds 21, you lose.
You may hit as many times as you would like so long as the sum of your blackjack numbers variation does not exceed 21.
Blackjack Payouts Blackjack has a few different payout ratios depending on the cards you end up with.
If your first two cards do not constitute blackjack and you are able to outlast a dealer who busts, or have a higher total than the dealer, your payout will be 1:1.
This means you will win an amount equal to your bet.
Blackjack typically pays out at 3:2 odds, meaning if you hit blackjack you will receive 1.
Some tables only pay 6:5, which you should try to avoid for obvious reasons.
This also means you should thoroughly inspect the rules before sitting down and playing at any blackjack table.
Buying Insurance Apart from the two payouts we went over above, the only other one you need to be familiar with is called an insurance payout.
Insurance is simply a side bet wagered by a player who thinks the dealer has blackjack.
This option blackjack numbers variation only available when the dealer is showing an ace.
If the player is correct and the dealer does in fact have blackjack, the payout will join. live casino blackjack prank final 2:1.
It is important to keep in mind that there are some variations to the payouts made for hitting blackjack at casinos.
For example, some only offer a 6:5 blackjack payout at certain tables.
The 6:5 payout is usually only associated with single-deck games and is employed as a way of mitigating any advantage a player may derive from counting cards.
It must also be noted that when playing Double Exposure blackjack, all wins pay out 1:1, including blackjack.
Basic Blackjack Strategy Blackjack is not a game heavily reliant on skill like or most other forms ofthough there is still some basic strategy every player will do well to learn.
A soft hand is any hand that contains at least one ace, while a hard hand is a hand that contains no aces or contains an ace https://ipodxs.com/blackjack/online-blackjack-casino-reviews.html is forced to count as 1.
The softness or hardness of your hand will help you decide how to wager and what moves to make.
To keep things simple, we will discuss strategy in terms of soft hands first and then hard hands.
If you are dealt a hard hand in the range of 4-8, it goes without saying that you should hit every time.
With a hard 10 or 11, it is almost always advised that you double down on your bet if you are able to.
If, however, the dealer is working with a face-up card of 7 or more, you should hit, even though you risk busting.
Finally, if you are dealt hard hands in the range of 17-21 you should stay every time.
Finally, any soft hand 19 or greater is a sign that you should stand.
Splitting Your Hand Splitting is another strategic move in blackjack, and should only be done with certain card hands.
Finally, with 4s, 5s, and 10s it is highly suggested that you never split.
For those who are unaware, splitting involves turning your one hand with two cards into two separate hands totaling 4 cards.
If you split, you are able to place a wager on both of your new hands and have the chance to win twice.
Though there are a number of variations available, having knowledge of and understanding how to properly play the classic version of blackjack will help you immensely when trying to play any of its derivatives.
Despite the fact that blackjack is a game based much more on luck than skill, there is still a good bit of strategy involved.
If you take the time to understand blackjack strategy, even in its most basic form, you will be doing yourself a service that can take you a long way.

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Blackjack, also know as twenty-one, is a simple counting game.
The goal is to have better cards than the dealer without going over 21.
Unless you can count cards, which is not easy considering the casinos use two, four, six or eight decks of cards.
It is the most popular table game in United States and is a standard offering at major.
Face cards King, Queen, Jack are 10 points.
All the rest of the cards 2-10 are worth their face value.
The suit of the cards does not matter in blackjack.
You automatically win with this hand unless the dealer also gets 21.
Once all the players at the table place their bets, the dealer begins dealing cards.
Each player is dealt two cards face up if the dealer is dealing from their hand, the play blackjack decoy a bit different blackjack numbers variation cards dealt face down and the dealer gets one card face up and learn more here card face down.
A turn can consist of hitting, doubling down, splitting or insurance.
The turn will end with the player either getting 21, standing, or busting.
To signal to the dealer which decision you have made you use just click for source signals, all without touching your cards.
Rules of blackjack Blackjack involve blackjack numbers variation players at the tables, and are played between players and dealers.
The game uses one to eight decks of cards.
Each card comes with a specific value and the player must get 21 points before the dealer to win, but without busting going over 21.
This makes learning how to play blackjack essential before going into play.
Kings, Queens, Jacks, and 10s are 10.
For numbered cards, the value is counted according to rank.
A 3 is counted like 3, and 8 is counted like 8.
The dealer deals each player two cards, each face up, before dealing two cards blackjack numbers variation himself, with one face up and the other face down.
The hit option allows players to take an extra blackjack numbers variation />They can hit as often as they go here till they stand or bust.
When they stand, they do not need any more cards.
With split, players can split the first two cards dealt when they have the same value, and https://ipodxs.com/blackjack/blackjack-hand-charts.html using two different hands.
Splitting pairs is also allowed.
Double allows players to take an additional card and multiply the initial bet by two, although after this they have to stand automatically.
If his points are 17 or more, he has to stand.
They are allowed to hit only on 16 or less.
The one with the higher value wins.
For instance, if the dealer has 17 points and the player has 16 points, the dealer wins.
If a player busts, he loses his bets even before the dealer opens his second card.
If the win goes to the dealer, all bets are lost to the player.
This means that when the first two cards dealt at the start of the game get 21 points, the pay is 3:2.
Blackjack terms Hitting This is signalled by sweeping your fingers toward yourself on the table or pointing to your cards.
A player hits because they are trying to get closer to 21.
A player can hit as https://ipodxs.com/blackjack/blackjack-advantage-players.html times as they want until their cards add up to 21 or over, in which case they bust.
Doubling down A player can double down his bet and the player must get hit with one more card � no more, no less.
Some casinos only let a player double down when he has 10 or 11 after being dealt the initial two cards.
Splitting Splitting is allowed when a player is dealt two cards of the same point value.
The player places the same amount of chips down as his original bet and is dealt another two cards, so now the player is playing two hands in the https://ipodxs.com/blackjack/classic-blackjack-rules.html game.
Should the dealer have the 10, the player will be paid out two to one and the other half of the initial bet will go to the house, leaving the player with the same amount of chips that he started with.
If the dealer does not have the blackjack, the side bet goes to the house.
Surrender or late surrender This is not offered in most casinos.
It allows the player to surrender half of the initial bet to the house after he receives his two cards and the dealer has checked for a blackjack.
Standing This marks the end of the turn and is signalled to the dealer by the player moving his hand over his cards.
Types of blackjack There are so many exciting casino table games available to online casino players, but no game beats the popularity of blackjack.
To play blackjack, a player must understand the different game variations as well as the rules of the game.
Popular blackjack variations Blackjack has numerouswith each game having slightly different strategies and rules.
Some alternatives of the game have very subtle differences, blackjack numbers variation often go unnoticed by players.
Others are so different that they may not have much of a semblance left to original blackjack.
The differences come with new and exciting challenges for the lovers of blackjack, and are a powerful magnet for new and skills test blackjack players.
Offline casinos offer a number of blackjack rules variations.
But to experience a more exciting twist to the classic game, online casinos are the best option.
They offer such a wide range of variations�with newer and more exciting ones being invented all the time�that blackjack has ended up becoming one of the most-played online casino games across the world.
The variations certainly keep it fresh, adding to its growing popularity.
The same basic rules are shared.
Familiarizing yourself with the specific rules of each variant is important before you attempt a new blackjack game.
Vegas Strip Blackjack Vegas Strip Blackjack derives its name from its origin on thewhere it is the most-played blackjack game in blackjack numbers variation casinos.
Its popularity nearly rivals that of the traditional game, and it is a popular variation at online casinos as well.
European Blackjack European Blackjack is just as popular as Las Vegas Strip, and here are almost certain to find at least a few tables in every online casino.
It is a variation featuring several rule changes from the original blackjack, but the differences with Las Vegas Strip are slight.
Spanish 21 The Spanish 21 Blackjack variation offers a few twists, one of them being that a 4-deck shoe of cards is used.
Players are allowed to double down anytime, instead of only on the usual initial two cards, although only one hit is allowed thereafter.
It means that players are allowed to invoke the rule of early surrender on hands that they already doubled down on.
In case of loss, they do not lose all their bets, but only half.
Progressive Blackjack Progressive Blackjack only has a subtle variation from standard blackjack and is fast spreading to brick-and-mortar and online casinos across the world.
Players are allowed to play up to five hands at once each, with split hands being counted as a single hand.
The dealing of the cards is similar to standard blackjack, with the key objective still being to acquire 21 points before the dealer without busting.
However, when Aces are split, the player is only allowed to take two cards, an extra one for each hand.
Standing then becomes automatic.
When the second card dealt is a 10-value, the total is 21 but not a Blackjack.
Also, re-splitting is not allowed.
There is also a difference in the doubling rules.
Players are only allowed to double when the value of their hand falls between 9 and 11.
Doubling is never allowed if they split.
Pontoon An English derivation, Pontoon differs from traditional online blackjack for real money primarily in its betting mechanics.
Players are not allowed to stand on cards with a total value that is below 14, but betting or doubling down after buying is allowed.
Again, the key goal is to gain the higher total without exceeding 21.
The rules of vary with different gambling houses and the odds of beating the dealer are lower compared to blackjack, but players get typically higher payouts.
Eight 52-card decks are used.
Instead, players stick, twist, and buy.
Sticking is similar to standing, which implies not asking for any more cards, while twisting is similar to hitting, which means taking a card.
With buying and doubling down, there is a slight difference.
A player is allowed to buy on any hand between two and four cards, with twisting being an alternative after buying.
Pontoon also allows players to split their cards as long as they have a 10-value, including a King and Jack.
For instance, a 10-value Ace combination is a Pontoon, not a Blackjack, and pays 2:1 automatically.
This classic variation of blackjack is popular but rare in casinos.
Also, they are allowed to stand on a total value that does not exceed 21.
Hitting is allowed for totals under 21 and doubling down happens for totals between 9 and 11.
Splitting pairs is only done once in Double Exposure Blackjack.
Other rules are enforced by the casinos, though, in order to level out the playing field.
There is also no offer for surrender.
The usual 3:2 odds do not apply here, as blackjacks pay 1:1 in this variation.
No Dealer Hole Card This is a https://ipodxs.com/blackjack/mobile-blackjack-games.html rare variation of blackjack in which the dealer deals their hole card only at the end of the hand.
This means that if the dealer hits blackjack in the middle of the game, players only find out at the very end of the hand.
Where does a new blackjack player go from here?
As seen, blackjack has rules that are standard across the board, as well as rules that are specific to different variants.
These differences are meant to add options and increase the excitement for players.

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Blackjack Rules and Variations - Details This page assumes that you know the basic Blackjack rules.
See for the standard rules.
All advantages are quoted as percentages of your initial bet.
These rules are supported by Casino Verite Blackjack.
For the effect of the common rules, see.
On extremely rare occasions, you might find a casino that only allows double down on 11.
These games should be avoided as the penalty is.
The gain is minimal.
The gain is minimal.
This is common in Atlantic City, fairly common in Las Vegas and available at about 30% of the world's casinos.
This rule has an advantage strain grow blackjack />This rule has an advantage of.
However, in some casinos Surrender after Double Down does.
Inexperienced dealers will sometimes allow you to Hit after a Double in these casinos.
This is very valuable.
Note: Not allowed with Double Exposure.
It is a good bet for card counters.
The player can Surrender a hand throw it neural network blackjack for half of the bet after the dealer learn more here checked for Blackjack.
If the dealer is not allowed to peek and does not know if there is a dealer Blackjack then the Surrender occurs only after the dealer checks for Blackjack and finds that it does not exist.
If you can find a casino that allows it, this is one of the most valuable options in the game.
Also called Double Down Rescue.
You can read article play the second hand.
As a result, up to four hands can be created from one.
This rule is fairly rare.
A few allow additional draws.
In other words, you can split a Jack and a King.
A few casinos demand that the cards be exact pairs.
This Blackjack rule is fairly rare and should be avoided.
For example, draw 10,2,2 and you can Split the Deuces.
Great rule as it gets rid of the worst hand.
You can bet that your first two cards blackjack numbers variation total 14 or you may bet that the first two cards are under 13.
The house wins all totals of 13.
Aces count as one for this side bet only.
The bets are resolved immediately after the dealer up card is shown and pay 1:1.
The dealer wins on all twos.
You can bet that your first two cards are in the same suit.
If they are, the bet pays 3:1.
If they are the Queen and King of the same suit, this is a Royal Match which pays 10:1.
The bet is resolved as soon as the dealer up card is shown.
The version included here appears to be the blackjack numbers variation common.
If you are dealt two sevens, you will be dealt a third card, even if the dealer has a Blackjack.
If you split sevens, you will be paid for only the first two sevens.
Obviously, this gives the player an enormous advantage.
To counteract this advantage, the "No Blackjack bonus" and "Dealer wins ties" rules usually accompany this rule.
Also, there is no Insurance bet in Double Exposure.
This is a very different game with entirely different playing strategies.
I would not suggest this option in a casino if you have not fully studied the game.
In this game, the player can place two or three bets.
Three betting boxes exist blackjack numbers variation this purpose for each seat.
You must place bets in at least the first two boxes.
Relative bet size rules vary by casino.
Your play is normal, except that the dealer has no hole card.
After you have made all of your playing decisions, the dealer gets three hands.
First, the dealer hand is finished and the first bets for all players are resolved.
All dealer cards except for the first are then discarded and the dealer hand is again completed using the original first dealer card as a start.
All player hands remain as they were.
Then the second bets are resolved.
This process is repeated again for the third dealer hand.
If you double down or split your hand, double down and split bets are added in all three bet boxes.
If you take insurance, then the insurance bet is placed in the normal spot and resolved dealer hand by dealer hand.
If you Surrender, then Surrender bets are resolved hand by hand.
After the dealer turns over the hole card, and before the dealer hand is finished, this bet is available if the dealer has a stiff hand.
A dealer stiff hand is a hand that must be hit and will bust if the dealer draws a ten.
Hard 12 through hard 16.
If the dealer then draws a ten, you will be paid two to one.
This game can be easily beaten by card counters and, therefore, appears to have disappeared.
However, as it has appeared in Nevada and Atlantic City, and it is similar to Blackjack, it has been included.
You may hit and double split Aces, double or surrender on any number of cards, and Surrender after doubling.
Several bonuses exist: player 21 with five or more cards pays 2:1, player hand of 20 or less with six cards automatically wins, player BJ always wins and a diamond BJ pays 2:1.
However, all other Blackjacks pay even money.
This last rule is very expensive.
The game requires a quite different strategy to play correctly.
Six or eight decks are used.
A player 21 always wins, player Blackjack always wins, player can hit and double split Aces, may surrender after doubling and double any number of cards.
However, all tens are removed from the deck.
This last rule is very expensive.
The game requires a quite different strategy to play correctly.
A strategy devised by Michael Shackleford www.
The main element of the game is that the player is allowed to 'switch' the second cards around, if desired.
To compensate for this powerful feature, the dealer will 'push' players' hands on a dealer's total of 22.
However, Blackjacks will still win but Blackjacks pay even money.
This is an optional bet which does not have to be the same amount as the 'Blackjack Switch' wager.
It can be higher or lower, if desired.
Players who place this bet are aiming to be dealt a pair or better from the initial 4 cards dealt out.
A correct wager with a single natural pays 17:1; if both the player and dealer receive naturals, then the payout is 25:1 for either or both bets.
Royal Match cannot be larger than your main bet.
Rarely, a casino will allow a larger side bet.
This awful rule sometimes is added to counteract another unusual option that heavily favors the player.
This is a very valuable option and is not likely to assured, blackjack reviews charming found in a casino without some other option which hurts the player.
If the dealer does not peek and then discovers a dealer Blackjack after all players have played, all player split hands and double down bets lose.
Without this rule, splits and double downs are considered as never having occurred and the player retains the bets.
This is common in casinos with No Hole Card.
This lousy rule exists in Swedish casinos.
With this option, the dealer cannot peek to check for Blackjack.
Double-Down bets are not lost.
Only your first bet is lost.
DD and Blackjack numbers variation bets are returned.
Some of those casinos show them and some don't.
In some cases, you can ask a casino to show them when they normally don't.
This option is becoming more blackjack numbers variation as newly developed optical devices for peeking at the down card are being installed on casino tables.
Some casinos do not check to prevent cheating.
This is not a good rule for card counters.
In a casino, this can cause some interesting conversations with the dealer or pit boss.
Casinos will often argue that a hand that has been insured cannot be surrendered because it no longer exists.
You might argue that Insurance is purely a side bet.
Ace, 6 or Ace, 3, 3.
With the option off, the dealer stands.
This option is common in downtown Las Vegas and at about 50% of the world's casinos.
It lowers the player's advantage by.
However, casinos do not blackjack numbers variation to be enforcing this rule as much as they once did.
Small gain; but, keep it in mind.
This is a very painful option sometimes used to counteract options favorable to the player.
Be careful, this option is highly disadvantageous to the player.
This bnlackjack rule can be found in South America.
Another South American rules.
This rule is found in some Atlantic City casinos.
Run don't walk away from this game.
At a few casinos, the dealer will round the payoff up to the next dollar instead of bothering with coins.
This removes the seat advantage which otherwise would have existed if one player could always see the bets of the other players before making a bet.
Generally, you would save blackjack numbers variation bet for near or at the end of a round.
This is more common than the above option.
In some tournaments, your bankroll moves from one round to the next.
This is less common, but such tournaments do exist.

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Determining Your Blackjack Bets: A Card Counter's Guide

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Generally, the number of decks can vary between one and eight. In online multi-deck varieties, the decks are all shuffled together before each hand is dealt. The object of the game is to get a hand value higher than the dealer's that equals or comes close to 21 without exceeding it.


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This article is about the gambling game.
For the shedding-type card game sometimes called Black Jack, see.
For other uses, see.
Blackjack is the American version of a popular global known aswhose relatives include and.
It is a comparing between one or more players and a dealer, where each player in turn competes against the dealer.
Players do not compete against each other.
It is played with one or more of 52 cards, and is the most widely blackjack numbers variation banking game in the world.
Blackjack A blackjack Alternative names Twenty-One Type Comparing Players 2+, usually 2�7 Skills required Probability Cards 52 to 416 Deck Play Clockwise Random chance High Players are each dealt two cards, face up or down depending on the casino and the table at which they sit.
In most other countries, the dealer receives one card face up.
The value of cards two through ten is their pip value 2 through 10.
Face cards Jack, Queen, and King are all worth ten.
Aces can be worth one or eleven.
A hand's value is the sum of the card values.
Players are allowed to draw additional cards to improve their hands.
A hand with an ace valued as 11 is called "soft", meaning that the hand will not bust by taking an additional card; the value of the ace will become one to prevent the hand from exceeding 21.
Otherwise, the hand is "hard".
The dealer hand will not be completed if all players have either busted or received blackjacks.
The dealer then reveals the hidden card and must hit until the cards total up to 17 points.
At 17 points or higher the dealer must stay.
At most tables the dealer also hits on a "soft" 17, i.
Players win by not busting and having a total higher than the dealer, or not busting and having the dealer bust, or getting a blackjack without the dealer getting a blackjack.
If the player and dealer have the same total not counting blackjacksthis is called a "push", and the player typically does not win or lose money on that hand.
Blackjack has many rule variations.
Since the 1960s, blackjack has been a high-profile target ofparticularlywho track the profile of cards that have been dealt and adapt their wagers and playing strategies accordingly.
However casinos have counter-measured card-counters by using a large shoe of cards up to eight decks or machines that shuffle the cards all the time.
Blackjack has inspired other casino games, including and.
Blackjack's precursor was twenty-one, a game of unknown origin.
The first written reference is found in a book by the Spanish authormost famous for writing.
Cervantes was aand the main characters of his tale "", fromare a couple of cheats working in.
They are proficient at cheating at veintiuna Spanish for twenty-oneand state that the object of the game is to reach 21 points without going over and that the values 1 or 11.
The game is played with the Spanish deck.
This short story was written between 1601 and 1602, implying that ventiuna was played in since the beginning of the 17th century or earlier.
Later references to this game are found in France and Spain.
When twenty-one was introduced in the United States, gambling houses offered bonus payouts to stimulate players' interest.
One such bonus was a ten-to-one payout if the player's hand consisted of the and a black either the or the.
This hand was called a "blackjack", and the name stuck to the game even though the ten-to-one bonus was soon withdrawn.
In the modern game, a blackjack refers to any hand of an ace plus a ten or face card regardless of suits or colors.
Roger Baldwin, Wilbert Cantey, Herbert Maisel and James McDermott published a paper titled The Optimum Strategy in Blackjack in the Journal of the American Statistical Association.
This paper would become the foundation of all future sound efforts to beat the game of blackjack.
Bets here At a casino blackjack table, the dealer faces five to seven playing positions from behind a semicircular table.
Between one and eight are together.
At the beginning of each round, up to continue reading players can place their bets in the "betting box" at each position in play.
That is, there could be up to three players at each position at a table in jurisdictions that allow back betting.
The player whose bet is at the front of the betting box is deemed to have control over the position, and the dealer will consult the controlling player for playing decisions regarding the hand; the other players of that box are said to "play behind".
Any player is usually allowed to control or bet in as many boxes as desired at a single table, but it is prohibited for an individual to play on more than one table at a time or to place multiple bets within a single box.
The dealer deals cards from their left the position on the dealer's far left is often referred to as "first base" to their far right "third base".
Each box is dealt an initial hand of two cards visible to the people playing on it, and often to any other players.
The dealer's hand receives its first card face up, and in "hole card" games immediately receives its second card face down the hole cardwhich the dealer peeks at but does not reveal unless it makes the dealer's hand a blackjack.
Hole card games are sometimes played on tables with a small mirror or electronic sensor that is used to peek securely at the hole card.
In European casinos, "no hole card" games are prevalent; the dealer's second card is neither drawn nor consulted until the players have all played their hands.
Cards are dealt either from one or two handheld decks, from aor from a.
Single cards are dealt to each wagered-on position clockwise from the dealer's left, followed by a single card to the dealer, followed by an additional card to each of the positions in play.
The players' initial cards may be dealt face up or face down more common in single-deck games.
On their turn, players must choose whether to "hit" take a card"stand" end their turn"double" double wager, take a single card and finish"split" if the two cards have the same value, separate them to make two hands or "surrender" give up a half-bet and retire from the game.
Number cards count as their natural value; the jack, queen, and king also known as "face cards" or "pictures" count as 10; aces are valued as either 1 tour app world blackjack 11 according to the player's choice.
If the hand value exceeds 21 points, it busts, and all bets on it are immediately forfeit.
After all boxes have finished playing, the dealer's hand is resolved by drawing cards until the hand busts or achieves a value of 17 or higher a dealer total of 17 including an ace valued as 11, also known as a "soft 17", must be drawn to in some games and must stand in others.
The dealer never doubles, splits, or surrenders.
If the dealer busts, all remaining player hands win.
If the dealer does not bust, each remaining bet wins if its hand is higher than the dealer's, and loses if it is lower.
If a player receives 21 on the 1st and 2nd card it is considered a "natural" or "blackjack" and the player is paid out immediately unless dealer also has a natural, in which case the hand ties.
In the case of a tied score, known as "push" or "standoff", bets are normally returned without adjustment; however, a blackjack beats any hand that is not a blackjack, even one with a value of 21.
Wins are paid out at 1:1, or equal to the wager, except for player blackjacks which are traditionally paid at 3:2 meaning the player receives three dollars for every two bet or one-and-a-half times the wager.
Many casinos today pay blackjacks at less than 3:2 at some tables; for instance, single-deck blackjack tables often pay 6:5 for a blackjack instead of 3:2.
Blackjack games almost always provide a called insurance, which may be played when dealer's upcard is an ace.
Additional side bets, such as "Dealer Match" which pays when the player's cards match the dealer's up card, are sometimes available.
Player decisions "Doubling Down" redirects here.
For the South Park episode, see.
After receiving an initial two cards, the player has up to four standard options: "hit", "stand", "double down", or "split".
Each option has a corresponding hand signal.
Some games give the player a fifth option, "surrender".
Signal: Scrape cards against table in handheld games ; tap the table with finger or wave hand toward body in games dealt face up.
Signal: Slide cards under chips in handheld games ; wave hand horizontally in games dealt face up.
The additional bet is placed in the betting box next to the original bet.
see more games do not permit the player to increase the bet by amounts other than 100%.
Non-controlling players may double their wager or decline to do so, but they are bound by the controlling player's decision to take only one card.
Signal: Place additional chips beside the original bet outside the betting box, and point with one finger.
The dealer separates the two cards and draws an additional card on each, placing one bet with each hand.
The player then plays out the two separate hands in turn; except for a few restrictions, the hands are treated as independent new hands, with the player winning or losing their wager separately for each hand.
Occasionally, in the case of ten-valued cards, some casinos allow splitting only when the cards have the identical ranks; for instance, a hand of 10-10 may be split, but not one of 10-king.
However, usually all 10-value cards are treated the same.
Doubling and further splitting of post-split hands may be restricted, and an ace and ten value card after a split are counted as a non-blackjack 21.
Hitting split aces is usually not allowed.
Non-controlling players may follow the controlling player by putting down an additional bet or decline to do so, instead associating their existing wager with one of the two post-split hands.
In that case they must choose which hand to play behind before the second cards are drawn.
Some casinos do not give non-controlling players this option, and require that the wager of a player not electing to split remains with the first of the two post-split hands.
Signal: Place additional chips next to the original bet outside the betting box; point with two fingers spread into a V formation.
When the player surrenders, the house takes half the player's bet and returns the other half to the player; this terminates the player's interest in the hand.
Signal: The request to surrender is made verbally, there being no standard hand signal.
Hand signals are used to assist the "", a person or located click the table and sometimes concealed behind.
The eye in the sky usually makes a video recording of the table, which helps in resolving disputes and identifying dealer mistakes, and is also used to protect the casino against dealers who steal chips or players who cheat.
The recording can further be used to identify whose activities, while legal, make them undesirable customers.
In the event of a disagreement between a player's hand signals and their words, the hand signal takes precedence.
Each hand may normally "hit" as many times as desired so long as the total is not above hard 20.
On reaching 21 including soft 21the hand is normally required to stand; busting is an irrevocable loss and the players' wagers are immediately forfeited to the house.
After a bust or a stand, play proceeds to the next hand clockwise around the table.
When the last hand has finished being played, the dealer reveals the hole card, and stands or draws further cards according to the rules of the game for dealer drawing.
When the outcome of the dealer's hand is established, any hands with bets remaining on the table are resolved usually in order : bets on losing hands are forfeited, the bet on a push is left on the table, and winners are paid out.
Insurance If the dealer's upcard is an ace, the player is offered the option of taking "insurance" before the dealer checks the hole card.
Insurance is a side bet that the dealer has blackjack and is treated independently of the main wager.
It pays 2:1 meaning that the player receives two dollars for every dollar bet and is available when the dealer's exposed card is an ace.
The idea is that the dealer's second card has a fairly high probability nearly one-third to be ten-valued, giving the dealer blackjack and disappointment for the player.
It is attractive although not necessarily wise for the player to insure against the possibility of a dealer blackjack by making a maximum "insurance" bet, in which case the "insurance proceeds" will make up for the concomitant loss on the original bet.
The player may add up to half the value of their original bet to the insurance and these extra chips are placed on a portion of the table usually marked "Insurance pays 2 to 1".
Players with a blackjack may also take insurance, and in taking maximum insurance they commit themselves to winning an amount exactly equal to their main wager, regardless of the dealer's outcome.
Fully insuring a blackjack against blackjack is thus referred to as "taking even money", and paid out immediately, before the dealer's hand is resolved; the players do not need to place more chips for the insurance wager.
Insurance bets are expected to lose money in the long run, because the dealer is likely to have blackjack less than one-third of the time.
However the insurance outcome is strongly with that of the main wager, and if the player's priority is to reducethey might choose to pay for this.
Furthermore, the insurance bet is susceptible to advantage play.
It is advantageous to make an insurance bet whenever the hole card has more than a chance of one in three of being a ten.
Advantage play techniques can sometimes identify such situations.
In a multi-hand, face-up, single deck game, it is possible to establish whether insurance is a good bet simply by observing the other cards on the table after the deal; even if there are just 2 player hands exposed, and neither of their two initial cards is a ten, then 16 in 47 of the remaining cards are tens, which is larger than 1 in 3, so insurance is a profitable bet.
This is an elementary example of the family of advantage play techniques known as card counting.
Bets to insure against blackjack are slightly less likely to be advantageous than insurance bets in general, since the ten in the player's blackjack makes it less likely that the dealer has blackjack too.
Note: where changes in the house edge due to changes in the rules are stated in percentage terms, the difference is usually stated here innot percentage; strictly speaking if, say, an edge of 10% is reduced to 9%, the amount is reduced by ten percent, or by one percentage point.
The third card is placed at right angles to signify that the player cannot receive any more cards.
The rules of casino blackjack are generally determined by law or regulation, which establishes certain rule variations allowed at the discretion of the casino.
The rules of any particular game are generally posted on or near the table, failing which there is an expectation that casino staff will provide them on request.
Over 100 variations of blackjack have been documented.
As with all casino games, blackjack incorporates a "house edge", a statistical advantage for the casino that is built into the game.
The advantage of the dealer's position in blackjack relative to the player comes from the fact that if the player busts, the player loses, regardless of whether the dealer subsequently busts.
Nonetheless, blackjack players using basic strategy will lose less than 1% of their total wagered amount with strictly average luck; this is very favorable to the player compared to other casino games.
The loss rate of players who deviate from basic strategy through ignorance is generally expected to be greater.
An ace and any combination of 6.
Each game has a rule about whether the dealer must hit or stand on soft 17, which is generally printed on the table surface.
The variation where the dealer must hit soft 17 is abbreviated "H17" in blackjack literature, with "S17" used for the stand-on-soft-17 variation.
Substituting an "H17" rule with an "S17" rule in a game benefits the player, decreasing the more info edge by about 0.
This mainly reflects an increased likelihood of player blackjack, since if the players draws a ten on their first card, the subsequent probability of drawing an ace is higher with fewer decks.
It also reflects a decreased likelihood of blackjack-blackjack push in a game with fewer decks.
Casinos generally compensate by tightening other rules in games with fewer decks, in order to preserve the blackjack numbers variation edge or discourage play altogether.
When offering single deck blackjack games, casinos are more likely to disallow doubling on soft hands or after splitting, to restrict resplitting, require higher minimum bets, and to pay the player less than 3:2 for a winning blackjack.
The following table illustrates the mathematical effect on the house edge of the number of decks, by considering games with various deck counts under the following ruleset: double after split allowed, resplit to four hands allowed, no hitting split aces, no surrender, double on any two cards, original bets only lost on dealer blackjack, dealer hits soft 17, and cut-card blackjack in reno />The increase in house edge per unit increase in the number of decks is most dramatic when comparing the single deck game to the two-deck game, and becomes progressively smaller as more decks are added.
Number of decks House advantage Single deck 0.
This rule protocol is consequently known as "late" surrender.
The alternative, "early" surrender, gives player the option to surrender before the dealer checks for blackjack, or in a no-hole-card game.
Early surrender is much more favorable to the player than late surrender.
Most medium-strength hands should be surrendered against a dealer Ace if the hole card has not been checked.
For late surrender, however, while it is tempting to opt for surrender on any hand which will probably lose, the correct strategy is to only surrender on the very worst hands, because having even a one in four chance of winning the full bet is better than losing half the bet and pushing the other half, as entailed by surrendering.
Resplitting If the cards of a post-split hand have the same value, most games allow the player to split again, or "resplit".
The player places a further wager and the dealer separates the new pair dealing a further card to each as before.
Some games allow unlimited resplitting, blackjack cut card counting others may limit it to a certain number of hands, such as four hands for example, "resplit to 4".
Rule variants include allowing resplitting aces or allowing the player to hit split aces.
Games allowing aces to be resplit are not uncommon, but those allowing the player to hit split aces are extremely rare.
Allowing the player to hit hands resulting from split aces reduces the house edge by about 0.
Note that a ten-value card dealt on a split ace or vice versa is a "soft 21" and not a "natural".
No double after split After a split, most games allow doubling down on the new two-card hands.
Disallowing doubling after a split increases the house edge by about 0.
Basic strategy would otherwise call for some doubling down with hard 9 and soft 13�18, and advanced players can identify situations where doubling on soft 19�20 and hard 8, 7 and even 6 is advantageous.
The Reno rule prevents the player from taking advantage of double down in these situations and thereby increases the player's expected loss.
The Reno rule increases the house edge by around 1 in 1,000, and its European version by around 1 in 500.
No hole card and OBO In most non-U.
With no hole card, it is almost never correct basic strategy to double or split against a dealer ten or ace, since a dealer blackjack will result in the loss of the split and double bets; the only exception is with a pair of aces against a dealer 10, where it is still correct to split.
In all other cases, a stand, hit or surrender is called for.
For instance, holding 11 against a dealer 10, the correct strategy is to double in a hole card game where the player knows the dealer's second card is not an acebut to hit in a no hole card game.
The no hole card rule adds approximately 0.
The "original bets only" rule variation appearing in certain no hole card games states that if the basic strategy chart 1 hand loses to a dealer blackjack, only the mandatory initial bet "original" is forfeited, and all optional bets, meaning doubles and splits, are pushed.
Altered payout for a winning blackjack In many casinos, a blackjack pays only 6:5 or even 1:1 instead of the usual 3:2.
This is most common at tables with lower.
Although this payoff was originally limited to single-deck games, it has spread to double-deck and shoe games.
Among common rule variations in the U.
Since blackjack occurs in approximately 4.
Video blackjack machines generally pay 1:1 payout for a blackjack.
Dealer wins ties The rule that bets on tied hands are lost rather than pushed is catastrophic to the player.
Though rarely used in standard blackjack, it is sometimes seen in "blackjack-like" games such as in some charity casinos.
Basic strategy Each blackjack game has a basic strategy, which prescribes the optimal method of playing any hand goblin blackjacks any dealer up-card so that the long-term the expected loss of the player is minimized.
For example, to use the table above on a game with the stand on soft 17 rule which favors the player, and is typically found only at higher-limit tables today only 6 cells would need to be changed: hit on 11 vs.
A, hit on 15 vs.
A, stand on 17 vs.
A, stand on A,7 vs.
Regardless of french ruler who loved blackjack specific rule variations, taking blackjack numbers variation or "even money" is never the correct play under basic strategy.
Estimates of the house edge for blackjack games quoted by casinos and gaming regulators are generally based on the assumption that the players follow basic strategy and do not systematically change their bet size.
Most blackjack games have a house edge of between 0.
Casino promotions such as complimentary match play vouchers or 2:1 blackjack payouts allow the player types gambling machines acquire an advantage without deviating from basic strategy.
Composition-dependent strategy Basic strategy is based upon a player's point total and the dealer's visible card.
Players may be able to improve on this decision by considering the precise composition of their hand, not just the point total.
For example, players should ordinarily stand when holding 12 against a dealer 4.
However, in a single deck game, players should hit if their 12 consists of a 10 and a 2.
However, even when basic and composition-dependent strategy lead to different actions, the difference in expected reward is small, and it becomes even smaller with more decks.
Using a composition-dependent strategy rather than basic strategy in a single deck game reduces the house edge by 4 in 10,000, which falls to 3 in 100,000 for a six-deck game.
Advantage play Main article: Blackjack has been a high-profile target for advantage players since the 1960s.
Advantage play is the attempt to win more using skills such as memory, computation, and observation.
These techniques, while generally legal, can be powerful enough to give the player a long-term edge in the game, making them an undesirable customer for the casino and potentially leading to ejection or if they are detected.
The main techniques of advantage play in blackjack are as follows: Card counting Main article: During the course of a blackjack shoe, the dealer exposes the dealt cards.
Careful accounting of the exposed cards allows a player to make inferences about the cards which remain to be dealt.
For example, the players can increase the starting bet if there are many aces and tens left in the deck, in the hope of hitting a blackjack.
For example, with many tens left in the deck, players might double down in more situations since there is a better chance of getting a good hand.
A card counting system assigns a point score to each rank of card e.
When a card is exposed, a counter adds the score of that card to a running total, the 'count'.
A card counter uses this count to make betting and playing decisions according to a table which they have learned.
The count starts at 0 for a freshly shuffled deck for "balanced" counting systems.
Unbalanced counts are often started at a value which depends on the number of decks used in the game.
Blackjack's house edge is usually between 0.
Card counting can give the player an edge of up to 2% over the house.
Single-deck games are therefore particularly advantageous to the card counting player.
As a result, casinos are more likely to insist that players do not reveal their cards to one another in single-deck games.
In games with more decks of cards, casinos limit penetration by ending the shoe and reshuffling when one or more decks remain undealt.
Casinos also sometimes use a shuffling machine to reintroduce the exhausted cards every time a deck has been played.
Card counting is legal and is not considered cheating as long as the counter is not using an external device, : 6-7 but if a casino realizes a player is counting, the casino might inform them that they are no longer welcome to play blackjack.
Sometimes a casino sun pokerus pokemon ban a card counter from the property.
The use of external devices to help counting cards is illegal in all US blackjack numbers variation that license blackjack card games.
Shuffle tracking Main article: Techniques other than card counting can swing the advantage of casino blackjack toward the player.
All such techniques are based on the value of the cards to the player and the casino as originally conceived by.
One technique, mainly applicable in multi-deck games, involves tracking groups of cards also known as slugs, clumps, or packs during the play of the shoe, following them through the shuffle, and then playing and betting accordingly when those cards come into play from the new shoe.
Shuffle tracking requires excellent eyesight and powers of visual estimation but is more difficult to detect since the player's actions are largely unrelated to the composition of the cards in the shoe.
Arnold Snyder's articles in magazine brought shuffle tracking to the general public.
His book, The Shuffle Tracker's Cookbook, mathematically analyzed the player edge available from shuffle tracking based on the actual size of blackjack numbers variation tracked slug.
Identifying concealed cards The player can also gain an advantage by identifying cards from distinctive wear markings on their backs, or by observing during the dealing process the front of a card dealt face down.
These methods are generally legal although their status in particular jurisdictions may vary.
A player wishing to wager on a side bet is usually required to place a wager on blackjack.
Some games require that the blackjack wager should equal or exceed any side bet wager.
A non-controlling player of a blackjack hand is usually permitted to place a side bet regardless of whether the controlling player does so.
The house edge for side bets is generally far higher than for the blackjack game itself.
Nonetheless side bets can be susceptible to card continue reading />A side count, designed specifically for a particular side bet, can improve the player edge.
Only a few side bets, like "Lucky Ladies", offer a sufficient win rate to justify the effort of advantage play.
In team play it is common for team members to be dedicated toward counting only a sidebet using a specialized count.
Blackjack can be played in tournament form.
Players start with an equal numbers of chips; the goal is to finish among the top chip-holders.
Depending on the number of competitors, tournaments may be held over several rounds, with one or two players qualifying from each table after a set number of deals to meet the qualifiers from the other tables in the next round.
Another tournament format,drops the lowest-stacked player from the table at pre-determined points in the tournament.
Good strategy for blackjack tournaments can differ from non-tournament strategy because of the added dimension of choosing the amount to be wagered.
As in poker tournaments, players pay the casino an initial entry fee to participate in a tournament, and re-buys are sometimes permitted.
A video Blackjack machine at.
Some casinos, as well as general betting outlets, provide blackjack among a selection of casino-style games at electronic consoles.
Video blackjack game rules are generally more favorable to the house; e.
Video and online blackjack games generally deal each round from a fresh shoe, rendering card counting ineffective in most situations.
Blackjack is a member of a large family of traditional card games played recreationally all around the world.
Most of these games have not been adapted for casino play.
Furthermore, the casino game development industry is very active in producing blackjack variants, most of which are ultimately not adopted for widespread use in casinos.
The following are the prominent twenty-one themed comparing card games which have been adapted or invented for use in casinos and have become established in the gambling industry.
An unlicensed version of Spanish 21 played without a hole card is found in Australian casinos under the name presumably borrowed from the British recreational blackjack-like game "Pontoon" which has substantially different rules.
In this form of the game, a player bust does not always result in an automatic loss; depending on the casino, the player can still push if the dealer busts as well, although the dealer typically has to bust with a higher total.
Blackjacks payand players lose on ties; also, they can neither buy insurance nor can they surrender their hand as both dealer's cards are exposed at the outset.
This game is dealt from a Spanish shoe, and blackjacks only pay even money.
For example, if the player is dealt 10�6 and 5�10, then the player can switch two cards to make hands of 10�10 and 6�5.
Natural blackjacks are paid 1:1 instead of the standard 3:2, and a dealer 22 is a push.
If the player has six cards totaling 20, he caught counting cards in blackjack wins.
Wins are paid 1:1.
An ace can only count as eleven, but two aces count as a blackjack.
It is mostly played in private https://ipodxs.com/blackjack/blackjack-zero-turn.html and barracks.
A British variation is called "Pontoon", the name being probably a corruption of "Vingt-et-un".
TV show variations Blackjack is also featured in various television shows.
Here are a few shows inspired by the game.
On this show, three players answer questions to earn cards in order to win cash and ties are not allowed.
In this game, six grocery products were used, and five of those products' prices were multiplied by various numbers from 2 to 10, but with the one remaining product having the exact price.
In order to win a large prize, the contestant had to achieve a score of 21 which was usually done by blackjack numbers variation a product whose price was multiplied by blackjack numbers variation and the one that was correctly pricedor beat the house with any score that did not exceed 21.
Main article: In 2002, professional gamblers around the world were invited to nominate great blackjack players for admission into the.
Seven members were inducted in 2002, with new people inducted every year after.
The Hall of Fame is at the in.
Members includeauthor of the 1960s book Beat the Dealer which proved that the game could be beaten with a combination of basic strategy and ;who popularized the concept of team play;author and editor of the trade journal;author and popularizer of the "Wonging" technique of only playing at click here positive count, and several others.
Novels have been written around blackjack and the possibility of winning games via some kind of method.
Among these were The Blackjack Hijack Charles Einstein, 1976later produced as the TV movieand Ben Mezrichalso filmed as.
An almost identical theme was shown in the 2004 Canadian film.
In The Hangover, an American comedy, four friends try to count cards to win back enough money to secure the release of their friend from the clutches of a notorious criminal they stole from the previous night while blacked out.
A central part of the plot of is that Raymondan autisticis able to win at blackjack by counting cards.
In the 2014 film we see Jim Bennett playing high stakes Blackjack in order to win large sums of money.
This movie displays different blackjack lingo and risky moves that have high rewards.
A History of Card Games, OUP, Oxford, p.
Scarne's new complete guide to gambling Fully rev.
Barcelona: Flor del Viento Ediciones.
Retrieved May 21, 2017.
Wizard of Odds Consulting, Inc.
Retrieved April 30, 2014.
Fine points of basic strategy in single-deck blackjack.
Retrieved December 8, 2006.
Total Dependent and Composition Dependent Basic Strategy in Blackjack.
Retrieved December 19, 2006.
The theory of blackjack : the compleat card counter's guide to the casino game of 21 6th ed.
Archived from on October 7, 2011.
Retrieved October 26, 2011.

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